The types of loan contracts vary considerably from industry to industry, from country to country, but characteristically a professional commercial loan contract includes the following conditions: however, there are different subdivisions in these two categories, such as variable rate loans and balloon payment loans. It is also possible to underclass whether the loan is a secured loan or an unsecured loan and if the interest rate is fixed or variable. A loan agreement is a contract between a borrower and a lender that regulates each party`s reciprocal commitments. There are many types of loan contracts, including “easy agreements,” “revolvers,” “term loans,” working capital loans. Loan contracts are documented by a compilation of the various mutual commitments made by the parties. The categorization of loan contracts according to the type of facility generally leads to two main categories: before the conclusion of a commercial loan contract, the borrower first makes statements about his affairs concerning his character, creditworthiness, cash flow and all the guarantees he must guarantee as collateral for a loan. These presentations are taken into account and the lender then determines the conditions under which they are willing to advance the money. For commercial banks and large financial firms, “loan contracts” are generally not classified, although “loan portfolios” are often subdivided into “personal” and “commercial” loans, while the “commercial” category is then subdivided into “industrial” and “commercial real estate” loans. “Industrial” loans are those that depend on the cash flow and solvency of the company and the widgets or services it sells. Commercial home loans are those that pay off loans, but this depends on the rental income paid by tenants who lease land, usually for long periods of time. There are more detailed rankings of credit portfolios, but these are always variations around the big topics. “Investment banks” establish loan contracts that meet the needs of the investors they want to attract funds; “Investors” are still highly developed and accredited organizations that are not subject to bank supervision and the need to respect public trust. Investment banking activities are overseen by the SEC and the focus is on whether the parties providing the funds are properly or properly disclosed.
Loan contracts are generally written, but there is no legal reason why a loan contract should not be a purely oral contract (although oral agreements are more difficult to enforce).